Bulk Liquid Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Argon Storage Systems at Production Sites
This publication presents recommendations to reduce the possibility of large releases of stored cryogenic fluids from a storage system through installation of protective equipment and instrumentation, equipment inspection and testing, and storage system design criteria. It is the intent of this publication to emphasize prevention of releases. However this publication provides basic information about mitigation of releases even if they are remote.
A bulk liquid storage installation is defined, for the purpose of this publication, as the total fixed assembly of liquid storage tank(s) integrated with other equipment, such as pumps, filling equipment, pressure buildup vaporizers, controls and other related ancillary equipment that are connected to it.
This publication specifically covers storage installations on production sites where the storage tank is flat bottomed constructed and is connected to the production process plant and the individual tank capacity exceeds 125000 liters. For storage installations made with vacuum insulated tanks or cluster tanks or where the tanks have an individual capacity less than 125000 liters it is an individual company or storage system owner’s decision to use the present publication as a guide for the general requirements of the installation.